There are a lot of different types of fish, and likewise, a wide variety of fish food. Here’s how to determine the right diet for your pet.
Your fish’s diet is essential to his well-being. Choosing the right fish food will help your aquatic companions stay happy and healthy. Different fish, though, need different foods, and discerning the right diet for your fish can be difficult. Here is a short guide to choosing the right fish diet.
Types of Fish Food
- Dried Foods: Dried foods are the most prevalent fish foods on the market. They are designed to provide a wide range of nutrients, which makes them ideal for a large number of aquarium fish. Dried foods come in many varieties; knowing whether your fish is an herbivore, omnivore, or carnivore will help to determine which type to buy. This is essential for your fish’s diet.
Another consideration in buying dried foods is what form of food to get. Dried foods come in flakes, pellets, granules, and wafers. Depending on the type and weight of the food, it may float on the surface or sink to the bottom. This is important, because certain fish will not be able to eat food that either floats or sinks, depending on their eating methods. For example, hatchetfish must eat food from the top of the tank; they simply won’t be able to get to food below them. Meanwhile, catfish are bottom feeders, and would struggle with floating food.
- Live Foods: For many fish, catching and eating live food will be a treat. You have to make sure that you are getting the right type of food for your fish though. Many marine fish will love brine shrimp and live black worms. Freshwater fish might prefer earthworms or live insects. Be sure not to rely solely on live food for your fish, though, as this will not always provide them with all the nutrients they need.
- Frozen Foods: If you don’t like the excitement of live food hunting, or you can’t get access to live fish food, frozen foods are a good alternative. Frozen shellfish or other types of food can be a great treat for your fish. Make sure you research what type of food your fish would naturally eat, and stick to that.
- Liquid Foods: While dried foods generally provide the bulk of your fish’s diet, some fish specialists believe that liquid formulas, which are simply added to the tank, may provide nutrition that is more bio-available. This format is particularly recommended for feeding baby fish.
The bottom line is that you need to choose a diet or combination of diets that provide all of the fish in your tank with fat for energy and amino acids to help build proteins. In addition, food should be digested quickly so as not to lead to the build-up of ammonia in the tank.