• Specially formulated fish foods give your fish the nutrition they need.

    Fish need a diet that delivers all the essential nutrients for maintenance, growth, health and reproduction. For most fish that includes: protein, amino acids, lipids (omega-3 and omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids), vitamins, and minerals. Only specially formulated fish food offers all of these essentials.

    Feeding do's and don'ts
    • Do supplement your fish's diet with both Choline and Vitamin C. If your fish's diet lacks Choline, he can develop a fatty liver — a condition that can lead to complications and even death. Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) is another key ingredient in your fish's diet. Like humans, many fishes cannot synthesize it naturally.
    • Don't regularly feed your fish beef, pork, or even chicken scraps. Fish have problems processing saturated fats and the fat will form deposits around the heart.
    Rules for dispensing food

    The aquatic environment creates challenges when it comes to feeding fish. Fish feed and excrete waste in their living space, so over-feeding can cause rapid environmental degradation. The food itself breaks down in water — nutrients can leech out, and food is colonized by bacteria. As a general rule, aim for the following:

    • Dispense no more feed than your fish can consume in five minutes.
    • Feeding should occur several times daily.
    Feeding pond fish

    Fish are cold blooded and less active in cooler water. If you have pond fish, remember that they will not eat, and should not be fed, when temperatures drop below 50 ºF (10 ºC).

    What makes for a complete diet depends on the species of fish. Be sure to find a diet that contains all of the appropriate vitamins and nutrients for your fish type(s). Proper selection and feeding will reward you with beautiful, healthy fish.

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    Over-feeding your fish is more common and more harmful than under-feeding him.