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How do I safely clean an aquarium before setting it up?

If you purchased a new aquarium, simply rinsing it out with water will be enough.

Should I rinse my gravel before adding it to the aquarium?

Yes, you should remove the gravel from the bag and place it in a clean bucket. Run water over the gravel to remove any dust that may be on it.

How many hours do I run the hood light?

Generally speaking, you want to replicate a natural day and night time cycle. Turn on the light when you get up in the morning and turn off the light in the late evening.

How often should I clean my aquarium?

This depends on the size and type of aquarium, the filtration, and the number of fish that are kept. For most aquariums, 10% water change, once a week is ideal.

How often should I test my aquarium water?

For all aquariums, we recommend testing every week, or at least every two weeks.

What temperature should I maintain in my aquarium?

Most freshwater tropical and marine aquariums should be between 74 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperate (cold-water) freshwater aquariums, such as those used for goldfish should be kept at 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

After a water change, my fish is gasping and/or breathing heavily?

This can sometime be attributed to chlorine or chloramine in tap water. Chlorine stresses fish by attacking their gills, causing them to gasp and breathe heavily and can affect the entire aquarium system. Our Wardley® Safe2O® is a one-step solution that takes care of chlorine and chloramines, neutralizing these harmful chemicals, in addition to neutralizing ammonia and regulating pH to a 7.0.

I have high ammonia levels in my tank, what should I do?

High ammonia levels can sometimes be caused by a decrease in your aquarium’s bacteria population. These bacteria are necessary to the nitrogen cycle, in which ammonia is broken down. High ammonia levels usually occur with new systems where too many fish are added before a healthy bacteria colony is established. However, this can also happen with established aquariums. Our Wardley® Safe2O® is a one-step solution that takes care of chlorine and chloramines, neutralizing these harmful chemicals, in addition to neutralizing ammonia and regulating pH to a 7.0.

What Is the Nitrogen Cycle?

The Nitrogen Cycle is a biological process that converts ammonia (from fish waste, and uneaten food) into nitrogen compounds, through the establishment of bacterial colonies.
Bacteria do this conversion for us, converting ammonia (NH3) to nitrite (N02-) and nitrite to nitrate (NO3-). In aquariums, the nitrogen cycle is very important as ammonia levels can reach toxic levels in a matter of hours.
Bacteria do this conversion for us, converting ammonia (NH3) to nitrite (N02-) and nitrite to nitrate (NO3-). In aquariums, the nitrogen cycle is very important as ammonia levels can reach toxic levels in a matter of hours.

How do I know when the Nitrogen Cycle is complete?

Your tank is fully cycled once nitrates are being produced and the ammonia and nitrite levels are zero. It is best to buy a test kit, such as our Wardley® Jr. ph Test Kit and measure the levels to ensure the Nitrogen Cycle is complete The cycling process normally takes 4-6 weeks. For tanks with temperatures below 70F, it can take longer. It is best to avoid adding more fish until after the tank has fully cycled.